The trick of weapons of mass destruction

The trick of weapons of mass destruction

- in Releases
Comments Off on The trick of weapons of mass destruction

Shatha Khalil *

Rawabet Center for Research and Strategic Studies has got   a number of figures and   statistics about Iraqi important files and    aspects,  namely “speculative numbers”  that can be  increased and decreased but not at large proportions, as described by one of the deputies of the Iraqi ministries.
These figures are released by the Ministry of the Interior and the Directorate of Statistics in the Ministry of Health and the Office of the Inspector General of the Iraqi Ministry of Justice and the Security and Defense Committee in the Iraqi parliament, and one of the sub – committees of the organization of civil society affiliated to the network of organizations registered in the government.
The figures and statistics show the failure of the occupation and the weakness of the post – occupation governments in the establishment of security, stability and the elimination of corruption, sectarianism and fragmentation in Iraqi society.
As it shows  the falsehood of the promises of former US President George W. Bush   known as  the four American promises to Iraq, namely:  the security ,freedom, welfare, democracy  which spread fear , injustice , poverty and destruction in Iraq  which were the main goals of the occupation , as  the reports and information revealed by the US media that Bush administration  did not have  any plan to manage Iraq  after its occupation , contributing  to the spread of chaos and violence  throughout the country and more importantly  the American’s bad choice of some Iraqi political figures   they brought from exile to rule Iraq
The Iraqi scene  in this year    after fourteen  years of occupation, does not require a lot of effort to clarify the case in which  the country reached    , killing hundreds of thousands of Iraqis, as the US invasion has  brought nothing but death and destruction and the dismantling of the country, noting that the tragedy caused by  it was so great   that pushed those who took power in the country  to cancel a decision taken in 2005 during the Iraqi  Transitional   Governing   Council(IGC) which  considered the ninth of April as the national day, and replaced it  with the day of  third of October  as a national day, a day of Iraq ‘s accession to the League of Nations in 1932.
Iraq   suffer  from  the  poor data and  its scarcity that reveal the number of Victims of violence in the country, both those who  were killed  by the terrorist or military operations, and the United Nations  conducted a survey through its mission in Baghdad on the sectors of: health, education, industry and agriculture , forcing  the government  to provide  a database on those sectors to obtain loans from the International Monetary Fund(IMF) worth $12 billion dollars and the reason of its preservation on the publication   is likely that the existing figures will not be in favor some of the current parties  and it will show the failure of the occupation  and  the bad situation in Iraq.

Statistics show that some 430 thousand Iraqis were killed   between 2003 and early 2017.  Baghdad  occupied   the first place with the  number of dead, followed with a difference  by the province of of Diyala  , followed by the province of Anbar and Salah al – Din and Nineveh  and Babylon came  in the fifth and sixth rank respectively.
Terrorist operations of extremist groups and militias loyal to Iran topped the forefront of the bill of Iraqi death, followed by US forces. As the number of victims rose to the frightening figures between 2006 and 2014, then increased after the entry of ISIS.
And also   620 thousand Iraqi wounded  , 30% of them were permanently disabled  that made them unable to move and work since 2003 until the beginning of 2017 and it was  also scored 58 thousand  missing people  that their fate was unknown  so far since the beginning of 2003 until December 2016, in addition to 271 thousand detainees , including about 187 thousand detainees who  have not been brought to the Judiciary  yet.
Years after the occupation  recorded the presence of about 3.4 million of the displaced outside Iraq , distributed in 64 Arab and foreign countries, in addition to about 4.1 million displaced inside Iraq , including about 1.7 million living in camps and camps in different Iraqi provinces, as there are 5.6 million orphans  recorded  between the ages one month to 17 years,  Baghdad, Anbar and Diyala  occupy the lead in their presence, in addition to two million widows in Iraq , aged between 14 and 52 years, including  widows who have been  registered  pre the  occupation of  Iraq  that means in   Iran – Iraq war.
In addition, there  are 6 million  illiterate citizens  who  do not know how to write or read noting that  Basra, Baghdad, Najaf, Wasit, Anbar come  at the forefront  , and unemployment in the country records more than 30%,  Anbar and Muthanna, Diyala and Babil come  at the top of the areas  of the most unemployment rate , followed by Baghdad and Karbala  and Nineveh.
The figures show that the rate of Iraqis registered under the poverty line with less than $ 5  per day up to 35%,  that the governorates of Al Muthanna and Salah al – Din  are on the forefront of this percentage, followed by Baghdad and Basra, in addition to 6%, the rate of  the use of cannabis  and drug   substance  in Iraq, which is topped by Baghdad then Basra and Najaf followed by Diyala, Babil and Wasit, in addition to 9% the proportion of child labor under the age of fifteen.
As for the health sector,  the  rate of health care  of the Iraqi citizen was declined, and now one bed for every thousand Iraqi citizen and the cost of  free treatment was increased in government institutions, and spread 39 epidemic disease notably cholera, polio and viral liver, as well as the breadth of the infection of cancer and birth defects.
And the industrial sector is also a victim of the years of the post- occupation, where about 40 thousand    plants and factory and Iraqi   productive institutions stopped working in cities across the country, and the country depends, according to sources of the Ministry of Planning   on 75% of imported food and 91% of the imported building materials and various industries.
The agricultural sector in the country  which  arrived in 2002 to the  self – sufficiency  declined to a large extent, and  the current agricultural land area reached  of 12 million acres after it was 48 million acres across the country, but for the housing sector, lacking proper statistics, but statements by members of  the Iraqi parliament confirm   the country ‘s need to 2.6 million housing units to address the housing crisis and the figure is still rising with the increase of the  population.
The basic education sector is not  far from the crisis, as it is  available in the country  currently 14 thousand and 658 elementary, intermediate and secondary  schools  including  about 9 thousand damaged schools and about 800 mud schools, while  the Iraqi Ministry of Education confirms  the need for 11 thousand additional new schools at least to accommodate the students and address their  crowd in classes  by a rate of  40 students per  class.
One of the main crises that hit the Iraqi economy is the debt in 2017,
as Iraqi economists estimate the size of Iraq’s accumulated debts   beyond the barrier of $ 100 billion, and in light of many of the problems experienced by the Iraqi economy, and the amount of impact of the public debt on the country as a result of the collapse of oil prices, growing the cost of the war waged by Iraq against al – Daesh, along with old debts before 2003.
At a seminar hosted by the institute for  the progress of development policy, which is supervised by the former  deputy and  planning minister Mehdi al – Hafez, in the capital Baghdad , and  experts and specialists in the financial and economic affairs called  the government to disclose the  details of internal and external debt owed by Iraq , both those dating back to the time of the former regime or that the government borrowed in recent years, and disclose the trends of those debts and its  objectives.
Hafiz said , who  chaired  the seminar  that ” the World Bank loans and the Islamic Development Bank , the European Union and Japan, in addition to the traditional debt to some of the Gulf states, stands fixed on the foreign financial dealings of Iraq , ” asserting that “Iraq ‘s debt is more than $ 100 billion.”
In the opposite optimistic context,   Iraqi oil Minister Jabbar Laibi announced at the symposium, that « the size of the oil reserves of Iraq reached 153 billion barrels», after it was 143 billion barrels, adding that exploratory activities and the reservoir in seven oil fields in central and southern Iraq will contribute to add 10 billion barrels of oil reserves.
Hafiz pointed to the exposure of more than  “$ 6 billion for suspicion since 2003,” saying that ” the reports of the US Inspector General  for Reconstruction assured anonymity of  $ 6.6 billion in DFI funds, and are susceptible to manipulation, waste , and abuse.
While  Dr. Mudher Mohammed Saleh , Financial Advisor to the Prime Minister Haider al – Abadi  disclosed about  important details related to the file of Iraq ‘s debt, where he revealed that Iraq “succeeded in 2004 to write off about $ 100 billion of debt against the backdrop of the signing of  the agreement of the Paris Club .”
Salih stressed; that Paris Club agreement , ” a standard agreement to resolve the sovereign debt owed by Iraq for 65 countries, including 19 countries in the Paris Club and 46 countries abroad.”
But he says: ” The domestic debt after 2014 has increased from 10 billion to $ 46 billion, the internal and external debt to be about $ 110 billion, including the outstanding debt of the Gulf until the end of 2016″.
Saleh indicates that ” the largest and most dangerous debt dating back to the Gulf states, which are  outstanding debts of up to about $ 41 billion, and  the figure  represents  the core  of the Iraqi debt,” and pointed out that the internal debt represents 45% of the value of public debt, which  the central bank  contributed  to supply it  after deducting transfers due  to the lack of possibility of  other banks.
The economic expert , Dr. Majid al-Suari  says : Iraq will borrow  during the year 2017 about 17, $ 7 billion, according to the general budget, the meaning of this is that “the loans will rise by  significantly”, wondering about “the  loans of Kurdistan region  amounting to about $ 40 billion, and whether they will be included in the public debt of Iraq?”.
Economists confirm that the agreement with the International Monetary Fund « is harmful to the poor without the rich,” because of increased fuel prices and the reduction of the items of the ration card  and increase the spending , calling for caution in dealing with the debt file; so that the country does not reach the “uncontrollable debt” stage.
Iraq’s losses estimated   in numbers as result of corruption according to Al Jazeera Net website, about $ 250 billion in the last ten years, and in the oil sector, smuggling between 300-500 thousand barrels, equivalent to $ 7.2 billion annually.
And the issues of the military  corruption is the  suspicious deal of Eastern Europe  in 2007  , at a cost of $ 833 million, to buy  inoperable aircrafts  and the purchase of old and painted  rifles , and the import of poor military vehicles  from eastern Europe, in addition to the loss of the Ministry of Defense 19 000 pieces of weapons.
The electricity sector, there is a waste of $ 30 billion allocated for this sector, and the output is equal to 11,000 MW, while Iraq needs 30 thousand megawatts between family and the government.
Fictitious jobs, there are 50 thousand jobs equivalent to the losses of five billion dollars.

One of the most important variables that followed the US occupation is to rule out  Iraq from the regional and international arena , as observers  agree that all neighboring countries of Iraq  attach a great importance to  it politically and military pre invasion  but the situation changed after  it and the US expert and diplomat John Brittan says that the diplomatic  problem derives from the Iraqi model  in terms that rulers of Baghdad  after 2003 do not see the support  only from Iran  militarily and in material issues  which led to the   dependency of Iraq  to Iran in all political and diplomatic joints .

And no more than one year after the invasion, the sectarian strife began to hit strongly in Iraq between Sunnis and Shiites culminating in the bombing of the two mosques of Imam Ali al-Hadi and Hasan al-Askari in February 2006, two of the12 holy Imams (Twelves). The bombing of these two shrines remains a mystery and has led to a civil war in 2006-2007, in which thousands of Iraqis were killed to reach during 14 years to nearly 200, ooo dead

And the occupation led  to the  weakening of  agriculture and industry in Iraq , where the phrase “Made in Iraq was  lost” since 2003, although the Iraqi industry accounted for 14% of the size of national income, and it was considered at the time the  best compared with neighboring countries, but it has seen  seen a major setback after the occupation as a result of  looting of factories and plants , as well as the   systematic destruction of the  industrial infrastructure , and the lack of legislation of  laws taking  into account the local product; which led to flooding  of the domestic market with poor goods  and from various parts of the world with the almost complete absence of the role of the Central organization for Standardization and Quality Control (COSQC) . As the local industry supports national output by up to 16% before the invasion, according to director of the Iraqi Federation of Industries Muad Jamal al- Din, while reached in 2014 to 1.3% with the closure of the doors of tens of thousands of government and private laboratories.

And the occupation turned Iraq or Mesopotamia or the black land (  Sawad because of the intensity of green land in the past ) to  an imported a country that imports even fruits and vegetables  and the situation reached  to import more than 58  thousands tons of fruits and vegetables  in one month  in April  of 2015 from neighboring country .

Several factors have led to the deterioration of the agricultural sector, which includes agriculture and livestock, and the first was the government default towards agriculture, farmers, and not to rely on modern mechanization, as well as the great migration from the countryside to the city that followed the invasion and not to legalize importation, which has damaged local farms.
Press sector has suffered many difficulties and risks due to the occupation; the report of the International Federation of Journalists issued in 2016 that Iraq is the most dangerous countries in the world for journalists, with the killing of more than 300 journalists between 1990 and 2015 there.
Obama’s role in the destruction of Iraq:  the US President, Barack Obama has caused   negative effects on Iraq, equivalent to the size of its implications for the consequences of the US occupation of Iraq during the administration of his predecessor George W. Bush in 2003.
Observers considered that the big mistakes of Obama were the withdrawal of US forces and make way for Iran to penetrate in Iraq, in all the joints of the Iraqi state, causing the creation of sectarian strife, and a number of policies of exclusion, marginalization and abuses, which helped the emergence and recovery of the organization Daesh.
US president tried since he took office to direct diplomatic words to the Iraqis, in which he expressed his rejection of the US occupation of Iraq in April 2003. He stressed, in a speech at Cairo University in June 2009, that he is “against extremism and the war on Islam,” and  Obama added  that ” the war on Iraq was  not necessary,” and promised to withdraw from Iraq, according to a schedule agreed by Baghdad and Washington, but the followers of Iraqi affairs  did not trust , from the beginning, a speech  of Obama, which they described him  as “evasive and false, who seeks to” evad from the  responsibility for mistakes committed by his country in Iraq, and the crises that may  occur in  the country after the withdrawal of American forces. ”

We conclude  from what is mentioned  that Iraq today is going through  very difficult circumstances which are  different from what they were  before the occupation, as there was  security and   law, but today there is no security, no law and Iraqi citizen  can not secure his life, as he is still living a great  tragedy that its chapters  have not been completed yet.

Economic Unity 
Rawbet Center for Research and Strategic Studies