Despite the accession of all parliamentary blocs in the government formed by Dr. Adil Abd Al-Mahdi, but his government is subject to criticism by those blocs, the political, security, military and economic conditions that accompanied the formation of the government of Adil Abd Al-Mahdi made it a government of an economic and balanced nature between Washington and Tehran and the political forces in Iraq.
Adil Abd Al-Mahdi’s government faces many challenges, which requires the political forces in Iraq, Washington, Tehran and neighboring countries, to stand by it , to get Iraq out of its crises and challenges as Adil Abd Al-Mahdi is the only prime minister who has no parliamentary support in Iraqi parliament , in other words , he has no parliamentary member in the House of Representatives affiliated to him, his government needs from the Iraqi media in all its forms to highlight some of the achievements of his government even if those achievements are simple from their point of view and not underestimated.
There is a clear harmony between Barham Salih, President of the Republic of Iraq, and Adil Abdul Mahdi in determining the priorities of Iraq’s domestic and foreign policy, especially in distancing Iraq from the political and economic tensions in the region, but they are confronted with the country’s many problems, as Iraq is exposed to a number of very serious challenges, which are divided into Several levels:
First: On the security level inside Iraq, the facts on the ground indicate that there are unarmed armed groups working to destabilize security and stability, externally, the Israeli military threat in a short period of time, as Iraq was the scene of military operations such as targeting missiles and drones, but out of 11 military operations , there are two military operations that targeted Amerli and al-Qaim on the Iraqi-Syrian border. Intelligence and media reports indicate that Israel is behind them, and intelligence reports added that there are internal hands carried out these military operations.
Level II: Financial and administrative corruption, which was and still is one of the most important dilemmas of rebuilding the Iraqi state, because it is largely linked to Iraqi officials, and there are many examples of this, including: the presence of ministers imposed on Prime Minister Adil Abdul Mahdi, their battalions are running the work of their ministries. Big corrupt people like quail cats are still confused in a way that will facilitate them to smuggle the money they stole from Iraq, and from the forms of economic corruption in Iraq also the struggle between the corrupt in control of the energy file, it is known that 97% of the revenues of the Iraqi state depends on the energy sector , In this Context Adil Abdul Mahdi, offers all support to the oil minister to eliminate corruption in the oil sector.
Level 3: Social problems, such as tribal problems, particularly in the city of Basra, and the problems of Nineveh and the Nineveh Plain and the problem of Kirkuk, and the problems of the displaced, where Jenin Hennes Blaskhart, the representative of the United Nations in Iraq, expressed concern about her concern towards their inhumane conditions.
In the face of these challenges, Adil Abdul Mahdi is trying to distance Iraq from the proxy conflict, but the task is very difficult, if not nearly impossible, because the Iraqi political forces in the case of severe polarization, they are divided about that conflict into three parties, the first: Iranian par excellence, and the second: American , The third party: it is utilitarian with the “pragmatic” privilege, in the American Council is American and in the Iranian Council is Iranian . This party in the meeting of its members is supposed to be secret so the outcome of its meetings is presented to Americans and Iranians alike , and the Irony here is that this party is also supported by some Arab countries, Tehran and Washington, it can be said that this party maneuver and play on the former parties.
Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi, seeks to promote Iraq economically, in an agricultural aspect , he intensifies his efforts to achieve Iraq self agricultural sufficiency , and the surplus of it is exported to the outside of Iraq, and in order to achieve this, encouraged the villagers to stay in their villages and not to leave and go to cities and, evidence of his interest in the agricultural sector, the Iraqi government to pay wheat money to farmers, and this has not happened since 2003, and he is working to improve the quality of wheat due to complaints made to the Ministry of Commerce about the lack of quality.
Adil Abdul Mahdi needs three years to turn Iraq into a productive state, not a consumer, and this task is not impossible, but it needs the support of all political and civil forces , and an efficient administrative apparatus, and the political blocs have to submit the corrupt to the Anti-Corruption Council to take legal action against them, to succeed this national plan, noting the number of its citizens will reach to 40 million people in 2021, and must have economic policies that stimulate production and reduce the area of import, otherwise import will become one of the cards of future pressure on Iraq.
Externally, the relationship of the Iraqi government headed by Adil Abdul Mahdi with the Arab countries and Arab, Islamic and Western organizations has been positive. Adil Abdul Mahdi is striving to bring Iraq back to the Arab, regional and international political map. However , there are some opportunists who support the idea of dividing Iraq into fragile states , therefore the countries concerned with the stability and unity of Iraq , such as USA, Turkey and Iran , should support the unity of Iraq and stand firm against the destructive idea of dividing Iraq , because it is in the interest of those countries to keep Iraq united before it is in the interest of Iraq, because the risk of dividing Iraq will not be limited to Iraqi geography alone, but will extend to neighboring countries according to the theory of “contagion,” so all countries should stand by Adil Abdul Mahdi for their interest and Iraq alike , because Adil Abdul Mahdi, is almost the Iraqi national politician, who represents the last chance for the advancement of Iraq.
Iraqi Studies Unit
Rawabet Center for Research and Strategic Studies