At the dawn of the seventeenth of the last October Haider Abadi, Iraq’s prime minister announced the start of military operations for the liberation of Mosul from the grip of the organization Daesh, and Iraqi forces in cooperation with the international coalition forces managed to achieve military victories on the ground represented by the liberation of many villages in the province of Nineveh and the neighborhoods belonging to the city of Mosul. Despite the importance of this liberation , however, there are serious challenges facing this liberation as the aim of military operations not only to defeat al Daesh but the restoration of the entire province and do not let the loss of control again, because it represents a setback for the military effort and constitute a serious blow to any genuine national reconciliation, and in order to keep control on villages and neighborhoods that have been recovered from the terrorist organization Daesh it should take into account a range of measures to guarantee the preservation of this military victory and strengthened it towards a political and a social, economic and social victory in Iraq, and these measures are :
First, divide the Nineveh province into four administrative constituencies and place for each constituency an intelligence work plan. By Which the liberated areas can be controlled and the challenge is still ongoing after the liberation of those villages and neighborhoods. What is achieved by military and security forces on the governorate of Nineveh province is a great achievement so must the intelligence vision be clear and specific and sober. Here we have to rely on the Iraqi citizen, as the biggest force who takes hold on the land .
Second, the Iraqi armed forces control on the dangerous spots in the liberated areas, the security services control on the regular areas and in the event of happening any breach in those areas , the use of armed forces will be done for immediate address . Here it requires caution that the rest of Daesh will come with new leaderships.
Third: dealing positively with the new orientation of the Sunni religious system by standing alongside with the Iraqi state, and this requires openness to them because this orientation is not just a maneuver or formal orientation .
Fourth, after the full military control on the liberated villages and neighborhoods, the armed forces must be in designated areas and the largest effort would be for the military operations because it is not possible to maintain the military force in large numbers in the cities.
Fifth: The deployment of intelligence agencies in the cities is important that it is accompanied by action because this effective deployment gives these devices the ability to target terrorists before they target the forces of intelligence. Terrorism has an intellectual doctrine , and this terrorism will continue for years and also depends on the situation in Syria.
Sixth: The presence of individuals from the local crowd who fought alongside the Iraqi military and security forces and have become the antithesis of the organization Daesh with the people of the region is necessary within the national intelligence effort.
Seventh: According to information obtained by Rawabe Center for Research and Strategic Studies reports that the organization Daesh will try hide its elements underground noting that the next stage will be more difficult and the only way is to penetrate the enemy in its incubators and this is the task of intelligence agencies because any terrorist attack occurs, all the efforts may get lost because it touches the psyches of all citizens.
Eighth: The battle of Iraq against terrorism may last for several years, as the other generation of terrorism may appear, but confront it requires preparation and readiness to create the cooperation of the community with the armed forces and intelligence services. Terrorism can not to overcome the Iraqi people if the people are firmly united , and vice versa.
Ninth: To win the battle against terrorism in the battle, the goal of the Iraqi armed forces and security services in the province of Nineveh must be to win Iraqi citizens and this confirms by Haider Abadi, the Iraqi Prime Minister, because the matter imposed by force can not continue, because the power may continue for some period and make the other in a placement of defense and possibly withdrawal but will return after a period against Iraqi forces and security agencies, the basic thing is to win the citizen and make him to feel that he is part of a national Iraqi system. The battle with terrorism is the intelligence, otherwise what the armed forces to do in front of a bomb car ?, the Iraqi government’s plan should be the intelligence plan to gain originally the distinguished citizens to be leaders.
Tenth: focus on the importance of security among the citizens and take advantage of previous experience in the security check, and security services must create cells of national safety in order to rule out the work of the intelligence committee from the work of the committees in the governorates in order to avoid the interaction after the return of the work of the council of province, noting that the depth of intelligence cells and its links should be in the command of operations in the governorate. Here we have to focus on the good “sincere, honest citizen , influential socially,” who can distinguish between right and wrong, and they should beware of relying on bad , hypocrite “citizens” because this is the waste of military and security efforts of the Iraqi government.
Eleventh: The issue of the closure of the border is important even on a temporary basis because keeping open will give Daeh the freedom to communicate with depth in Syria. And sleeper cells in other parts of the world.
Twelfth: the Iraqi government and its armed forces and its security forces should take into account the issue of tribal revenge in order not to confuse the military and security operations against al Daesh. So it must invest the central Court because it has juridical authority over all of Iraq because of the presence of tribal influences on judges and even to investigators, Iraq also needs to develop the capabilities of investigating officers.
These measures are of the utmost importance to maintain military and security gains made in the era of Haider Abadi, the Iraqi prime minister, Iraq in his era is better in terms of the sectarian and ethnic polarization, when compared with Nuri al-Maliki, the former Iraqi prime minister, as his reign was characterized by sectarian and nationalist discrimination that the measures referred to above may be an a way to preserve what has been achieved and that Haider al-Abadi is trying to establish it to bring Iraq out from the dark tunnel.
Rawabet Center for Research and Strategic Studies